Eleventh Biennial


Conference on Motor Speech:


Motor Speech Disorders


Speech Motor Control




March 14-17, 2002

Williamsburg, VA



Conference Planners


Motor Speech Disorders

Co-Conference Chair: Kathryn Yorkston

Mark Hakel

Program Chair: Scott Adams

Megan Hodge

Gregory Turner

Christopher Dromey


Speech Motor Control

Co-Conference Chair: Christy Ludlow

Christopher Moore

Program Chair Margaret Denny

David McFarland

Eugene Buder


Publications: David Beukelman


Local Arrangements: Geralyn Schulz



Acknowledgment: This conference has been sponsored in part by the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, the Department of Special Educaiton & Communication Disorders, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, the Institute for Rehabilitation Science and Engineering at Madonna Rehabilition Hospital, Lincoln, Nebraska.



THURSDAY, March 14, 2002







1:30 PARKINSON disease

Moderator: Scott Adams


Speech & gesture analysis for evaluation of progress in LSVT treatment in Parkinson disease

F. Quek, R. Bryll, M. Harper, L. Chen, and L. Ramig


Long term average spectral moments in hypokinetic dysarthria

C. Dromey


Summary feedback schedules and speech motor learning in Parkinson's disease

S.G. Adams, A.D. Page and M. Jog


3:00 BREAK


3:30 Tongue muscles and function

Moderator: Margaret Denny


Quantitative morphology and histochemistry of human intrinsic lingual muscles

R. DePaul, P. Stal, J.H. Abbs, and L.E. Thornell


An EPG-EMA study of tongue-palate interaction for stop alveolar consonants in German: Implications for speech motor control

S. Fuchs, P. Perrier, and C. Mooshammer


Exploring tongue muscle interaction using tagged Cine-MRI

M. Stone and A. Lundberg


5:00 BREAK


7:00 speech intelligibility

Moderator: Scott Adams


Everyday listeners' perspective on ALS and HD dysarthria: A description of barriers and strategies in understanding distorted speech

E.R. Klasner, K.M. Yorkston, and M. Lillvik


Motor speech characteristics and timing in persons with ALS

L.J. Ball and D.R. Beukelman


Sentence intelligibility and acoustic contrast in adults with cerebral palsy

G. Turner and K. Hustad



FRIDAY, march 15, 2002





Lingual movements before and after an experimental palatal "fistula"

V.C. Marino, G.M. Schulz, W.N. Williams, P.W Wharton, and J.C.R. Dutka, and M Paulk


The production of emotional prosody in varying severities of apraxia of speech

S.M. Van Putten, J.P. Walker


Facial and vocal expression in idiopathic Parkinson's disease: Effects of intensive voice therapy (LSVT)

J.L. Spielman, L. O. Ramig, and J.C. Borod


Artificial neural network categorization of speech fluency measures across speech disorders

A.P. Salvatore, M. Cannito, A Biswas, R. Ingham, B.K. Bender, and B Manriquez


PDA-Enhanced speech treatment for Parkinson's disease

A. Halpern, C. Matos, L. Ramig, J. Spielman, and J. Bennett


The impact of perceptual and instrumental measures in palatal lift fitting

M. Hakel, J. Garcia, D.R. Beukelman, and J. Marshall


Profiling communication characteristics: Children with developmental apraxia of speech

L.J. Ball, J.E. Bernthal, and D.R. Beukelman


Correlation between acoustic speech characteristics and non-speech motor tasks in Parkinson's disease

A.M. Goberman


Effects of two intervention strategies on intelligibility in cerebral palsy

K.C. Hustad and J.M. Garcia


Assessment of an analytical model of pitch control

K. Kochis-Jennings, E.M. Finnegan, H.T. Hoffman, and I.R. Titze


An fMRI study of overt vs. covert production of mono- and multisyllabic words

L.I. Shuster, and S.K. Lemieux


Jaw and finger movements during visual and auditory motor tracking tasks

S.G. Adams, G. Gauthier, J.L. Vercher, and M. Jog


Variations in articulatory kinematics with changes in speech task

S.M. Tasko and M.D. McClean


Specification interacts with phonologic similarity to determine complexity of pre-motor encoding during speech production

M.A. Rogers and H.L. Storkel


Speech intelligibility in quiet and noise environments using speech amplification and enhancement: A preliminary assessment of the evaluation protocol

L. Weiss


Speaking rate effects on formants

J. Berry and G. Weismer



Moderator: Margaret Denny


Adaptation to motion dependent loads in speech production

D.J. Ostry, S. Tremblay, and D.M. Shiller


Speech breathing in stuttering: Some classic and new analyses

M. Ho, A. Smith, and S. McGarvey


Respiratory and laryngeal responses to an oral air pressure bleed during speech

J.E. Huber and E.T. Stathopoulos


11:00 BREAK



Moderator: Christopher Dromey


Acoustic evidence for remapping of prosodic control in severe dysarthria

R. Patel


Influence of Botox on adductor spasmodic dysphonic speech: Perceptual-acoustic analyses of voice quality

M.P. Cannito, B.K. Bender, R.A. Dressler, E.H. Buder, G.E. Woodson, and T. Murry


Contour tone production by Cantonese speakers with cerebral palsy

V. Ciocca, T.L. Whitehill, and S.S. Ng





Moderator: Margaret Denny


Introductory Comments

S.M. Barlow and A. Bosma Smit


Voltage-gated ion currents and rhythmic [Ca2+]i oscillations in embryonic mouse hindbrain

M. Bosma


Sensorimotor entrainment of the respiratory and orofacial systems in humans

S.M. Barlow, C. Boliek, and D.S. Finan


Serial production trends in the early lexicon

B.L. Davis and P.F. MacNeilage


MRI studies of vocal tract development: Relative growth patterns

H.K. Vorperian and R.D. Kent


Interaction of multiple factors in the development of speech production

A. Smith and L. Goffman


5:15 BREAK



Moderator: Gregory Turner


Analysis of conversational speech in dysarthria

K. Rosen, S. Stuntebeck, R.D. Kent, J.F. Kent, and J.R. Duffy


Rate and intensity effects in multiple sclerosis

K. Tjaden, A. Fox and A. Ludwig










Effects of rate reduction on severe spastic dysarthria

K.C. Hustad and K. Sassano


Changes in vowel space and formant frequencies in Parkinson's disease following intensive voice therapy (LSVT)

J.L. Spielman, L. O. Ramig, B.H. Story, and C. Fox


Practice guidelines for dysarthria: Evidence for the behavioral management of the respiratory/phonatory system

K.M. Yorkston, K.A. Spencer, J.R. Duffy, L.A. Golper, E.A. Strand, M. Sullivan, R.M.Miller, and D.R. Beukelman


The relationship between production of suprasegmental speech characteristics and lung volumes in conversational speech

K. Bunton


The effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on speech diadochokinesis

F.L. Lu, K. Gopal, D. Farrow, H.L. Gooding


Overgeneralization in treatment of severe apraxia of speech: A case study

A. Raymer, M. Haley, and D. Kendall


Applications of a specific pulmonary exercise to improve functional vital capacity

S. McKeever and R. Miller


Acquired dysprosody in two patients with basal ganglia lesions

D.Vanlancker Sidtis, N. Pachana, and J.J. Sidtis


The impact of speech supplementation on the intelligibility of speakers with traumatic brain injury

D.R. Beukelman, S. Fager, J. Logemann, and H. Baum


Articulatory and phonatory responses to independent manipulations of formant- and fundamental frequency-related auditory feedback

L. Max and L.S. Hine


The impact of hearing aid signal processing on the formant structures of children with moderate to severe hearing loss

S. Pratt, J. Grayhack, C. Palmer, L. Taubman, D. Sabo, and J. Hauser


The timing of laryngeal and lingual gestures of apical stops in dependence on syllable position: An EPG and transillumination study

S. Fuchs, C. Mooshammer, and P. Hoole


Speaker normalization of stressed and unstressed vowels in articulatory and formant spaces

C. Geng and C. Mooshammer


Association of orofacial with laryngeal and respiratory motor output during speech

M.D. McClean and S.M. Tasko


Voiced speech vs whispered speech: An H2150 positron emission tomography study

G.M. Schulz, M. Varga, C.L. Ludlow, and A. Braun


Cleft palate repair: Results in patients with developmental speech apraxia

T.R. Eggleston, R.M. Trivelpiece, A. Mehrhof, I. Wornom, D. Wohl




Moderator: Margaret Denny


Speech motor control during acquisition of the voicing contrast

M.I. Grigos, J.H. Saxman, and A.M. Gordon


A kinematic description of oromotor behaviors during the first year of life

J.R. Green and E.M. Wilson


Developmental changes in respiratory and laryngeal function during Fo and intensity modulation

K.J. Reilly, C.A. Moore, R.W. Steeve, K.P. Connaghan, and K.A. Burkard


11:00 BREAK



Moderator: Scott Adams


The Mayo classification of dysarthria: Past, present & future

F. Boutsen, J.R. Duffy, R.D. Kent, and B.E. Murdoch


1:00 Afternoon off


SUNDAY, MARCH 17, 2002




The effect of visual input on the differential diagnosis of dysarthria subtypes

R.I. Zraick, L.L. Sikes, T.J. Hutton, and P.N. Davis


The use of biofeedback in the treatment of ataxic dysarthria in patients with multiple sclerosis

K. Maddava, E. Wang, D. Stefoski, and G. Katsamakis


A quantitative review of Botox treatment outcomes for adductor spasmodic dysphonia

M.P Cannito, M.L. Taylor, B. Bender, and F. Boutsen


Speech timing variables in children with typical speech acquisition, speech delay, and suspected apraxia of speech

J.R. Green, L.D. Shriberg, and T.F. Campbell


Relationship between speech and nonspeech (DDK) measures in hypokinetic dysarthria

T.L. Whitehill and E.S. Tsang


Use of a bite block for treatment of lingual dystonia

L. Karcher and K. Forrest


Kinematic analysis of lingual fatigue in myasthenia gravis

J.V. Goozee, L.L. LaPointe, and B.E. Murdoch


Fluency and articulatory groping in the differential diagnosis of AOS: A case study

H.M. Clark and P.A. Henson


Intensive voice therapy for speech disorders following stroke: Two case studies

L.A. Will, L.O. Ramig, and S. Countryman


Does prosodic patterning relate to phonemic accuracy during speech learning?

C.J. Poletto, A. Whittle, D. Baker, M.K. Kenney and C.L. Ludlow,


Analysis of tongue muscle geometry based on 3D MRI and its implications on tongue muscle functions in vowel production

S. Takano and K. Honda


Discourse analysis of speech breathing during spontaneous monolog

M. Denny


Motor control for a physiological articulatory model involving muscle antagonism

J. Dang and K. Honda


Patterns of vocal fold length change relative to pitch modifications as factors associated with vocal fatigue

L.R. McCue, J. Barkmeier, and B. Story


Kinematic analysis of lingual fatigue in myasthenia gravis

L.A. Will, L.O. Ramig, and S. Countryman


Sensorimotor entrainment of the respiratory and orofacial systems in humans

S.M. Barlow, C. Boliek, and D.S. Finan



Moderator: Scott Adams


The effects of subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation on vocal tract dynamics in Parkinson's disease

S. Barlow, S. Park, M. Hammer, R. Pahwa, and S. Dascalos


Transglottal airflow measures in continuous speech and syllable repetition for subjects with vocal paralysis and normal subjects

J.A. Till and R.L. Crumley


A comparison of velopharyngeal function measures in dysarthria

M. McHenry


11:00 BREAK



Moderator: Margaret Denny


Using functional imaging to study neurologic activity during motor speech production

J.J. Sidtis


Biomechanical saturation and hearing status effects in determining goals for vowels: Preliminary results from a bite block study

J.C. Vick, J.S. Perkell, H. Lane, M. Matthies, M. Zandipour, M. Tiede, E. Stockmann, and F. Guenther


Voice responses to changes in pitch of voice or tone auditory feedback

M. Sivasankar, J.J. Bauer, and C.R. Larson





Moderator: Scott Adams


Acquisition and stimulus generalization effects of sound production treatment for apraxia of speech: A follow-up treatment

J.L. Wambaugh and A.L. Martinez


Using a notebook computer to estimate single word intelligibility in aphasic and apraxic speakers

K.L. Haley and A. Diakaki


Progressive apraxia of speech: A retrospective study

J.R. Duffy


Phonological treatment of apraxia of speech

D.L. Kendall, T. Conway, J. Rosenbek, and L. Gonzalez-Rothi


4:00 BREAK



Moderator: Megan Hodge


Treatment of severe articulatory impairment in a three year old child: A treatment efficacy study

E.A. Strand


Vowel areas of children with and without dysarthria

C.M. Higgins and M.M. Hodge


The contribution of motor impairment in speech disordered children: A retrospective review

E.A. Strand and R. McCauley